Ma-ai, a question of space

Budo movement can be understood as communication between two persons mediated by the body, that is usually considered two separate and independent bodies but rather should be considered integrated as one body communication system.The point where two bodies (in Budo) becomes one body communication system depends upon the condition of the interface between the two […]

Tenshi-Meguri & 7-hon no kuzushi

In the 70-ties I had the opportunity to study aikido with Hirokazu Kobayashi. In that time I didn’t understand the concept of meguri* and tenshi (body rotation). Kobayashi stressed on many occasions the spiral movement of the wrist and the dropping of the elbow. Using the koshi was also one of his favorite remarks. It […]