Ma-ai, a question of space

Budo movement can be understood as communication between two persons mediated by the body, that is usually considered two separate and independent bodies but rather should be considered integrated as one body communication system.The point where two bodies (in Budo) becomes one body communication system depends upon the condition of the interface between the two […]

Fibonacci, tenshikei, meguri

Practising for health purposes is an assumption often made by marketeers for a martial art like aikido, based upon a balance between soft and hard. Movements are created following a spiral pattern. It gives a perception of harmony which is another assumption. When aikido is promoted as a competitive sport, other factors become also important. […]

Tenshikei or coiling power

Coiling movements In Aikido, many movements have a “coiling”** effect. Mostly we speak about tenshikei, but of course not all body rotation will create tenshikei or coiling power. Some of the body rotations will create angular momentum. Tenshi is an internal method to create coiling power. Angular momentum is more an external method to create power. […]